Glutamine is used for depression, moodiness, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, short bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, and enhancing exercise performance. Glutamine is also used orally for HIV wasting, abnormal intestinal permeability in people with HIV, chemotherapy-induced mucositis, chemotherapy-induced diarrhea, chemotherapy-induced neuropathy, and protection of immune and gut barrier function in people with esophageal cancer undergoing radiochemotherapy. It is also used for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cystinuria, peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis, sickle cell anemia, improving recovery after bone marrow transplant, and for alcohol withdrawal support. It is also used orally as parenteral nutrition, for preventing morbidity in trauma patients, preventing infectious complications in critically ill patients, and for paclitaxel-induced myalgia and arthralgia.

Arginine is used for cardiovascular conditions including congestive heart failure (CHF), angina pectoris, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. L-arginine is also used for intermittent claudication, senile dementia, erectile dysfunction, and male infertility. Furthermore, L-arginine is used for prevention of the common cold, interstitial cystitis, cyclosporine nephrotoxicity, pre-eclampsia, improving athletic performance, improving immune function, and preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in premature infants. In combination with ibuprofen, L-arginine is used orally for migraine headaches, and as an adjunct to chemotherapy in breast cancer. In combination with hydroxymethylbutyrate (HMB) and glutamine, L-arginine is used orally for treating weight loss in people with AIDS. In the perioperative period, to reduce infections, improve wound healing, and shorten recovery time, L-arginine is used orally in combination with RNA and EPA.

Theanine is used for anxiety, stress, hypertension, ovarian cancer, heart disease, high cholesterol, insomnia, weight loss, immune boosting, Alzheimer’s disease, hypertension, improving cognitive function, and enhancing the effects of chemotherapy drugs.
DHEA is used for slowing or reversing aging, weight loss, metabolic syndrome, and increasing immune and cognitive function. It is also used for increasing strength, energy, and muscle mass. DHEA is also used for treating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis (MS), Addison’s disease, depression, schizophrenia, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), menopausal symptoms, and atrichia pubis. It is also used orally for improving cognitive function, and slowing the progression of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases. For people with HIV disease, DHEA is used to improve depressed mood and fatigue. DHEA is also used orally by men for erectile dysfunction, and by healthy women and women who have adrenal or androgen insufficiency to improve well-being and sexuality. It is also used for preventing heart disease, breast cancer, infertility, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.

Bacopa monniera (Brahmi)
Brahmi is used for Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety, cognitive impairment and memory loss, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), allergies, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Brahmi has also been used orally for low back pain, hoarseness, mental illness, epilepsy, rheumatism, sexual dysfunction in both men and women, and as a general “nerve tonic” or “adaptogen” for fighting stress, “cardiotonic”, and as a diuretic.
GABA is used for relieving anxiety, elevating mood, relieving premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and treating attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is also used for promoting lean muscle growth, burning fat, stabilizing blood pressure, and relieving pain. Sublingually, GABA is used for increasing feeling of well-being, relieving injuries, improving exercise tolerance, decreasing body fat, and increasing lean body weight.

Melatonin is used for jet lag, insomnia, shift-work disorder, circadian rhythm disorders in the blind, and benzodiazepine and nicotine withdrawal. Melatonin is also used orally for Alzheimer’s disease, tinnitus, depression, delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fibromyalgia, migraine and cluster headaches, idiopathic stabbing headache, and insomnia associated with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Other uses include hypertension, hyperpigmentation, osteoporosis, breast cancer, brain cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, head cancer, neck cancer, and gastrointestinal cancer. It is also used for thrombocytopenia, cachexia, neuropathy, and asthenia associated with cancer chemotherapy. Melatonin is also used orally for epilepsy, as an anti-aging agent, and for menopause.

Liver Support
Vitamin B6
See Multivitamin
Milk Thistle Extract
Milk thistle is used for liver disorders including toxic liver damage caused by chemicals, Amanita phalloides mushroom poisoning, jaundice, chronic inflammatory liver disease, hepatic cirrhosis, and chronic hepatitis. It is also used orally for loss of appetite, dyspepsia and gallbladder complaints, diabetes, hangover, and diseases of the spleen. Milk thistle is used orally for prostate cancer, pleurisy, malaria, depression, uterine complaints, stimulating breast milk flow, allergic rhinitis, and stimulating menstrual flow.

N-Acetyl Cysteine
N-acetyl cysteine is used as an antidote for acetaminophen and carbon monoxide poisoning. It is also used for unstable angina, common bile duct obstruction in infants, lysosomal storage disorders, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease), Alzheimer’s disease, phenytoin-induced hypersensitivity, and keratoconjunctivitis. It is also used for reducing lipoprotein (a) levels, reducing homocysteine levels, reducing risk of cardiovascular events in patients with end-stage renal disease, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergic rhinitis, fibrosing alveolitis, head and neck cancer, and lung cancer. N-acetyl cysteine is also used orally for myoclonus epilepsy, otitis media, hemodialysis-related pseudoporphyria, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), Sjogren’s syndrome, preventing sports injury complications, radiation therapy, increasing immunity to flu and swine flu, and for detoxifying heavy metals such as mercury, lead, and cadmium. It is also used orally for preventing alcoholic liver damage, for protecting against environmental pollutants including carbon monoxide, chloroform, urethanes and certain herbicides, for reducing toxicity of ifosfamide and doxorubicin, as a hangover remedy, for preventing nonionic low-osmolality contrast agent-induced reduction of renal function in patients with renal insufficiency, for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and for trichotillomania (hair pulling).

Artichoke Extract
Artichoke is used for dyspepsia, hyperlipidemia, nausea, alcohol-induced hangover, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It is also used orally as a diuretic and choleretic. Artichoke is also used orally for treating snakebites, renal insufficiency, anemia, edema, arthritis, cystitis, liver dysfunction, preventing gallstones, and lowering blood pressure.
Choline Bitartrate
Choline is used for liver disease including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis, hypercholesterolemia, depression, memory loss, Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, and schizophrenia. It is also used orally for body building, delaying fatigue in endurance sports, preventing neural tube defects, preventing cancer, Huntington’s chorea, Tourette’s disease, cerebellar ataxia, complex partial seizures, and asthma.

R-Alpha Lipoic Acid
Alpha-lipoic acid is used for diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, cardiac autonomic neuropathy, retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. Alpha-lipoic acid is also used orally for dementia, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), HIV/AIDS, cancer, liver disease, Wilson’s disease, cardiovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), intermittent claudication, Lyme disease, and lactic acidosis caused by inborn errors of metabolism.

Dandelion Root
Dandelion is used for heart failure, loss of appetite, dyspepsia, flatulence, gallstones, bile stimulation, rheumatism, arthritic joints, muscle aches, eczema, and bruises. Dandelion is also used as a laxative, diuretic, circulatory tonic, skin toner, blood tonic, and digestive tonic. It is also used to treat infection, especially viral infections, and cancer.

Turmeric is used for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, hemorrhage, diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal bloating, loss of appetite, jaundice, hepatitis, and liver and gallbladder conditions. It is also used for headaches, bronchitis, common cold, respiratory infections, fibromyalgia, leprosy, fever, amenorrhea, and cancer. Other uses include depression, Alzheimer’s disease, anterior uveitis, edema, worms, kidney inflammation, and cystitis.

Essential Fatty Acids
Vitamin E
See Multivitamin
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
• EPA- Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is used for cystic fibrosis, intrauterine growth retardation, treating depression, pregnancy-induced hypertension in high-risk pregnancies, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), coronary artery disease, schizophrenia, personality disorder, Alzheimer’s disease, and diabetes.
In combination, EPA is used with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in fish oil preparations for a variety of conditions, including preventing and reversing heart disease, decreasing ectopic ventricular beats, asthma, cancer, dysmenorrhea, menopause, hay fever, lung diseases, lupus erythematosus, lupus nephritis, and IgA nephropathy. They are also used in combination for migraine headache prophylaxis in adolescents, atopic dermatitis, Behcet’s syndrome, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, psoriasis, Raynaud’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. EPA is also used in combination with RNA and L-arginine in the perioperative period to reduce infections, improve wound healing, and shorten recovery time.

• DHA – Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is used as a supplement for preterm infants, as an ingredient in infant formula, during the first four months of life to enhance mental development. It is also used for treating type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease (CAD), dementia, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). DHA is also used for enhancing vision, preventing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), preventing and treating depression, and reducing aggressive behavior in people under stressful situations. In combination with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), DHA is used for a variety of conditions, please see “Omega 3 Fatty Acids: EPA”. DHA is also used in combination with arachidonic acid during the first four to six months of life to enhance mental development of infants. It is also used orally in combination with evening primrose oil, thyme oil, and vitamin E (Efalex) to improve movement disorders in children with dyspraxia.