Stinging nettle root is used for urination disorders associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), including nocturia, frequency, dysuria, urinary retention, and irritable bladder. Stinging nettle root is also used orally for joint ailments, as a diuretic, and an astringent. Stinging nettle above ground parts are used for allergies, allergic rhinitis, and musculoskeletal disease such as osteoarthritis. It is also used orally in conjunction with copious fluid intake in so-called “irrigation therapy” for urinary tract infections (UTI), urinary tract inflammation, and kidney stones (nephrolithiasis). People also use the above ground parts of stinging nettle for internal bleeding, including uterine bleeding, epistaxis, melena, anemia, poor circulation, splenomegaly, diabetes and other endocrine disorders, gastric hyperacidity, biliary complaints, diarrhea and dysentery, asthma, pulmonary congestion, heart failure, rash and eczema, cancer, prevention of signs of aging, wound healing, and as a general tonic.